The world is observing most of the complex social problems of 21st century; ranging from education to unemployment, health to climate change and food to shelter refugees. These all problems are associated with human living on this planet. Traditional approaches to solve complex problems of this century are inadequate, and we need experimental approaches to solve such complex social problems facing by vulnerable people of the society. By refereeing the United Nation summit which was conducted on September 25, 2015, the seventeen (17) sustainable development points were proposed by UN, and the agenda was to solve seventeen (17) most pressing social problems up to maximum extent by the end of year 2030 in order to make this world better living place for all.
How crowded our world is today – We’re 7.3 billion people. The numbers have soared. We’re up ten times since the start of the industrial revolution. Billions more people are likely to be added to the world’s population in the 21st century. This is making for a very complicated world. A world divided between great wealth and still crippling poverty. Sustainable development is really two ideas: One is a way to understand this complicated world; how do the economic, the social, the environmental, the political, the cultural factors fit together? And the second aspect of sustainable development is the idea of sensible goals for this crowded, interconnected planet. How do we make the world prosperous, fair and also environmentally sustainable? To understand the world and of course, to help improve the world, we need to get into that complexity. We have to embrace complexity, because we are talking about a complicated, interconnected set of relations of a world economy that now spans all parts of the world. And connects all people, all businesses, technologies in flows of trade, finance, ideas, advertising, production systems, but also connects us with the physical Earth, in unprecedented ways. Humanity actually changing the climate, changing what species survive on the planet, changing the chemistry of the ocean, changing the safety of the air, changing the access and availability of fresh water. It’s an unprecedented situation. It’s a fascinating situation – It will be the challenge of our generation.
Read this too: Most Profitable Small Business Ideas for 2017
So, sustainable development for us, first, is a way to understand these complicated challenges. I think it’s useful to think of there being four dimensions to that dilemma: economics & societal dimension, how our communities work, culture, civil society, there’s the natural environment and there’s our political or government systems. How do economic, social, environmental and government systems interact? The second way to think about sustainable development is not only as an analytical approach, one that takes a holistic view of society. But also as what we would call a normative or ethical approach, identifying goals for society.
Sustainable development urges us to have a holistic vision of what a good society should be. Sometimes people say well good society is a rich society.
But we know that can’t quite be it just to focus on the economics. If a country is rich on average, but all the wealth is held by very few people and most of the people are poor, Think most of us would say that’s not a good society in the sense that we would aspire towards. So, social inclusion is the second aspect of a good society. Meaning that economic well-being is widely shared among different ethnic religious or racial groups in a country. It’s shared between men and women. So, there’s gender equality, it’s shared among regions of a country, so that there’s not just one pocket of prosperity in a sea of poverty. A third aspect of what we would think to be a good society is one that is a good steward of the natural environment.
Sustainable Development Goals and Our Role …
We all know that if we break the physical systems of biodiversity if we destroy the oceans if we deforest the great rain forests, we’re going to lose immeasurably. If we continue on a path that fundamentally changes the Earth’s climate in a way that’s unrecognizable for us in the way that humanity has developed. We’re going to face grave dangers. From a normative perspective, environmental sustainability certainly seems right. Most of us also care very much how government functions, People living in places with massive corruption with lawlessness, Where the politicians are not to be trusted, and government services are not fair which result in massive discrimination.
We could say that a good society is not only a wealthy society, but is one that is prosperous and inclusive, environmentally sustainable and well governed.